Materials Used in Persian and Oriental Rugs
Oriental Rugs are created primarily from quality wool or silk, which is knotted into a cotton foundation. Wool is a critical factor in the quality of an Oriental Rug. The wearing characteristics of the wool are dependent on several factors, such as climate and pasturage.
Intensive use of a good wool Oriental Rug over the course of time gradually polishes the wool, and create a wonderful sheen as the natural oils come to the surface. In fact, an older rug sometimes looks as though it is made of silk instead of wool.
The Persian lamb is widely known for its excellent wool. However, Turkey, the Caucasus, Turkestan, India, Pakistan and China all produce wool fully equal to that from Persia. The hill regions in these countries, where the climate is often cooler, produce sheep that provide stronger and more pliable wool.
Oriental Rug Wool is classified into three categories:
⦁ Live Wool
⦁ Dead Wool
⦁ Used Wool
Live wool is wool sheared from living sheep. Dead wool is removed from a sheep’s hide chemically. Used wool is redyed wool that is recycled from cloth and used in low-grade rugs.