Rug weaving is an ancient art and craft that has been perfected by many cultures, including the Turkish. One style of woven rug is called a flatweave, or a kilim. Flatweave rug weaving dates to the fourth century B.C.E. Flatweave rugs are created by weaving the wefts and warps together to create a seamless pattern.
RUG WEAVE TYPE
Thinly woven rugs that have no pile and are often reversible.
Helpful note: Due to how thin flatwoven rugs are in comparison to other weave types, it is important to place a rug pad underneath to prevent slippage.
Individual threads are loaded into a “tufting gun” and pushed through a canvas to create a cut and/or looped piled. A fabric backing is then glued the completed design to keep the threads in place.
Created on a large loom using a “warp thread” (threading stretched from the top to bottom of the loom) and “weft thread” (stretched from the left to right sides of the loom). Rows of knots are then tied along the warp and weft.
Small loops are pulled through a canvas and secured with a protective backing.
Power loomed rugs – these are made using an electronically controlled loom. Most have serged (bound) edges.
Weaving methods vary for shag rugs, but they are known to have a much thicker, “shaggy” or “fluffy” pile. Shag rugs come in a variety of textures and lengths.